عن أم سلمة هند بنت أبي أمية حذيفة -رضي الله عنها- عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- أنه قال: «إِنَّه يُسْتَعمل عَلَيكُم أُمَرَاء فَتَعْرِفُون وَتُنكِرُون، فَمَن كَرِه فَقَد بَرِئ، ومَن أَنْكَرَ فَقَد سَلِمَ، ولَكِن مَنْ رَضِيَ وَتَابَعَ» قالوا: يا رسول الله، أَلاَ نُقَاتِلُهُم؟ قال: «لا، ما أَقَامُوا فِيكُم الصَّلاَة».
[صحيح.] - [رواه مسلم.]
المزيــد ...

Umm Salamah (Hind bint Abi Umayyah Hudhayfah) (may Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "There shall be rulers in charge of you, and you will approve and disapprove. So anyone who hates shall be absolved, and anyone who denies shall be safe, except for those who approve and comply." They said: ''O Messenger of Allah, shall we not fight them?'' He replied: "No, so long as they establish prayer among you."
[Sahih/Authentic] - [Muslim]

Explanation

The Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) informs us that rulers will be installed in power over Muslims. Some of their deeds will conform with the laws of Islam while others will not. So, the Muslim who hates their evil deeds in his heart without being able to announce that for fear of oppression shall be absolved of sin. The one who can deny their evil with the actions of his hand or the words of his tongue shall also be safe from bearing sin. However, the one who approves of their evildoing in his heart and follows them in committing it shall be doomed just like them. The Companions then asked the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) whether they should fight those rulers, and he said: "No, so long as they establish prayers among you."

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1: One of the Prophet’s miracles (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) is that he foretold about things that would happen in the future.
2: It indicates the duty of forbidding the wrong according to one’s ability, and that it is not permissible to revolt against the rulers unless they abandon prayer, for it is the criterion separating Islam from disbelief.
3: The criterion deciding how to correct the wrong and oust the ruler is Shariah, not personal inclinations, disobedience, or sectarianism.
4: It is not permissible to partner with the oppressors, assist them, feel joyful upon seeing them, or sit with them without a legitimate need.
5: If rulers introduce things contradicting Shariah, it is not permissible for the Ummah to condone their conduct.
6: It warns of agitation of strife and disunity because it deems such outcome graver than enduring the wrongdoing of sinful rulers and bearing the harm they inflict.
7: Prayer is the epitome of Islam and the criterion between Islam and disbelief.
8: This Hadīth indicates that abandonment of prayer is disbelief, for it is not permissible to revolt against the Muslim rulers except if we see outright disbelief on their part for which we have proof from Allah Almighty. Therefore, since the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) gave us permission to fight them if they do not establish prayer, this proves that the abandonment of prayer constitutes outright disbelief for which we have proof from Allah.