عن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص -رضي الله عنهما- عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال: «الكبائر: الإشراك بالله، وعُقُوق الوالدين، وقتل النفس، واليمين الغَمُوس».
[صحيح.] - [رواه البخاري.]
المزيــد ...

`Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas, may Allah be pleased with both of them, reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, said: "The grave, major sins are: associating partners with Allah, undutifulness towards the parents, murder, and the Yameen Ghamoos (intentionally taking a false oath)."

Explanation

This Hadith deals with many of the sins that are described as grave, major sins. They are called thus due to the evil consequences on their perpetrator as well as on people in general, in this world and in the Hereafter. The first of them is "associating partners with Allah;" meaning: disbelief in Allah such that a person worships others along with Him and denies the worship of his Lord (alone). The second is undutifulness to the parents: undutifulness, in essence, is to do to one or both of one's parents something that annoys them as per custom, such as disrespecting them, cursing them, and failing to attend to them and take care for them when they are in need of their child. "Murder" is killing without right, such as killing someone out of injustice or aggression. If the person deserves to be killed, such as in the case of retribution and the like, then this is not included in the meaning of this Hadith. The Hadith is concluded with a severe warning against the Yameen Ghamoos (intentional false oath). It is called thus because it dips its perpetrator into sin – or into Hellfire – because he knowingly takes a false oath.

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