عن أبي هريرة -رضي الله عنه- عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فيما يَحْكِي عن ربه تبارك وتعالى، قال: «أَذْنَبَ عَبْدٌ ذَنْبًا، فقال: اللهم اغْفِرْ لي ذَنْبِي، فقال اللهُ تبارك وتعالى: أَذْنَبَ عَبْدِي ذَنْبًا، فَعَلِمَ أَنَّ له رَبًّا يَغْفِرُ الذَّنْبَ، ويَأْخُذُ بالذَّنْبِ، ثم عَادَ فَأَذْنَبَ، فقال: أَيْ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لي ذَنْبِي، فقال تبارك وتعالى: أَذْنَبَ عَبْدِي ذَنْبًا، فَعَلِمَ أَنَّ له رَبًّا، يَغْفِرُ الذَّنْبَ، ويَأْخُذُ بالذَّنْبِ، قَدْ غَفَرْتُ لِعَبْدِي فَلْيَفْعَلْ ما شَاءَ»
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) narrated that his Lord, Blessed and Exalted, said: "A slave committed a sin and said: 'O Allah, forgive my sin,' and Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said: 'My slave committed a sin and realized that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for sins.' He then again committed a sin and said: 'My Lord, forgive my sin,' and Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said: 'My slave committed a sin and realized that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for sins. I have forgiven My slave, so let him do as he wishes.'"
[Sahih/Authentic] - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

When a slave commits a sin then asks Allah to forgive his sin, Allah, Blessed and Exalted, says: My slave committed a sin then realized that he has a Lord who forgives the sin, conceals it, and overlooks it, or punishes for it. Then the slave commits a sin again and asks Allah to forgive his sin, and Allah, Blessed and Exalted, says: My slave committed a sin then realized that he has a Lord who forgives the sin, conceals it, and overlooks it, or punishes for it. I have forgiven my slave, so let him commit whatever sins he wishes, and then follow it with sound and true repentance. As long as he does that – sinning and repenting – I will forgive him, for indeed, repentance destroys whatever came before it.

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View Translations
1: It shows Allah’s vast grace and mercy towards His servants, as long as they believe that their affairs rest in the Hand of their Lord; He forgives if He so wills or punishes if He so wills.
2: Correct repentance expiates sins.
3: The heart of a believer in Allah is purified by repentance and he hopes for the forgiveness of his Lord, which prompts him to hasten towards righteousness and good deeds. And if he commits a sin, he readily repents and does not persist in it.
4: If a person repeats a sin a hundred times or more and he repents each time, his repentance will be accepted and his sins forgiven. And if he repents one time after all the sins, his repentance is valid.