Category: The Creed .

عن أبي ذر الغفاري -رضي الله عنه- عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فيما يرويه عن ربه: «يا عبادي، إني حرَّمتُ الظلمَ على نفسي وجعلتُه بينكم محرَّمًا فلا تَظَالموا، يا عبادي، كلكم ضالٌّ إلا من هديتُه فاستهدوني أَهْدَكِم، يا عبادي، كلكم جائِعٌ إلا من أطعمته فاستطعموني أطعمكم، يا عبادي، كلكم عارٍ إلا من كسوتُه فاسْتَكْسُوني أَكْسُكُم، يا عبادي، إنكم تُخطئون بالليل والنهار وأنا أغفر الذنوبَ جميعًا فاستغفروني أغفرْ لكم، ياعبادي، إنكم لن تَبلغوا ضَرِّي فتَضُرُّونِي ولن تَبْلُغوا نَفْعِي فتَنْفَعُوني، يا عبادي، لو أن أولَكم وآخِرَكم وإنسَكم وجِنَّكم كانوا على أتْقَى قلبِ رجلٍ واحد منكم ما زاد ذلك في ملكي شيئًا، يا عبادي، لو أن أوَّلَكم وآخِرَكم وإنسَكم وجِنَّكم كانوا على أفْجَرِ قلب رجل واحد منكم ما نقص ذلك من ملكي شيئًا، يا عبادي، لو أن أولكم وآخركم وإنسكم وجنكم قاموا في صَعِيدٍ واحد فسألوني فأعطيت كلَّ واحدٍ مسألتَه ما نقص ذلك مما عندي إلا كما يَنْقُصُ المِخْيَطُ إذا أُدخل البحر، يا عبادي، إنما هي أعمالكم أُحْصِيها لكم ثم أُوَفِّيكُم إياها فمن وجد خيرًا فليحمد الله ومن وجد غير ذلك فلا يلومن إلا نفسه».
[صحيح.] - [رواه مسلم.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Dharr al-Ghifāri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said that Allah, the Almighty, said: "O My slaves, I have made oppression forbidden for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My slaves, all of you are misguided except those whom I guide, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My slaves, all of you are hungry except those whom I feed, so ask Me for food and I shall feed you. O My slaves, all of you are naked except those whom I clothe, so ask Me for clothes and I shall clothe you. O My slaves, you commit sins by night and by day and I forgive all sins, so ask Me for forgiveness and I shall forgive you. O My slaves, you can neither do Me any harm nor can you do Me any good. O My slaves, if the first and the last amongst you and all humans and Jinns were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, that would add nothing to My power and dominion. O My slaves, if the first and the last amongst you and all humans and Jinns were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, it would cause no loss to My power and dominion. O My slaves, if the first and the last amongst you and all humans and Jinn were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I possess, except what is decreased of the sea when a needle is dipped into it. O My slaves, it is only your deeds that you will be held accountable for, then I shall recompense you for it. So, anyone finds good, let him praise Allah, and anyone finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.”
Sahih/Authentic. - [Muslim]

Explanation

This Qudsi Hadīth teaches many lessons regarding the fundamentals of religion, its branches as well as its manners. It states that Allah, the Almighty, has prohibited oppression for Himself out of His bounty and kindness towards His slaves. Also, He has made oppression forbidden amongst His creatures, so that no one should oppress anyone. The Hadīth states that all creatures will not be find the right path except by the guidance of Allah and His success. Anyone requests guidance from Allah will be granted guidance and success. All creatures are in desperate need of Allah in everything, so whoever asks Allah for something, He will give it to him and suffice him. Human beings commit sins night and day; yet, Allah conceals and pardons them once they ask for His forgiveness. They can never harm or benefit Allah no matter what they do or what they say. If all of them are as pious as the most pious heart of any individual among them, or as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual among them, this will neither add nor decrease anything of the dominion of Allah because they are weak and in need of Allah in all circumstances and at all times. If they gathered together in one place and they all asked Allah what they wanted, and Allah gave everyone what they asked for, this would not decrease what is stored with Him in any way. This is because the depositories of Allah are full and not the least affected by continuous giving. Allah preserves and records all good and evil deeds of His slaves, and He will recompense them for such deeds on the Day of Judgment. So, anyone finds the reward of his deeds to be good, then he should praise and thank Allah for guiding him to be obedient to Him. On the other hand, anyone finds the reward of his deeds other than that, then he should not blame anyone except his soul that enjoined him to do evil and brought him to loss.

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1: The Sunnah also contains speech of Allah Almighty. This is what the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) quoted his Lord as saying, otherwise called a Qudsi or divine Hadīth.
2: It establishes the speech of Allah Almighty, which occurs frequently in the noble Qur’an. This supports the view held by Ahl-us-Sunnah that Allah speaks audibly, for 'speech' entails reference to audible words.
3: Allah Almighty is capable of injustice, yet He has forbidden it on Himself due to His perfect justice.
4: Oppression is prohibited.
5: Allah's laws and legislations are based on justice.
6: Some of Allah's attributes are in the negative form, like injustice. When any attribute of Allah is negated, this is only to affirm the opposite. So, the negation of injustice means the affirmation of His complete and perfect justice.
7: Allah Almighty can forbid whatever He wills for Himself, for the judgment belongs to Him, and He can also ordain whatever He wills upon Himself.
8: The word 'self' is used to refer to the 'essence'. He said, “for Myself”, which means: His essence, Exalted be He.
9: We are obligated to turn to our Lord whenever we are afflicted with any kind of affliction, for all creatures stand in need of Him.
10: Allah is the Possessor of perfect justice, dominion, self-sufficiency, and benevolence towards His servants; and His servants should turn to Him for the fulfillment of their needs.
11: Guidance should only be sought from Allah, Who said: “So seek guidance from Me and I will guide you.”
12: All competent people are originally in error, which is ignorance and negligence of the truth.
13: Any knowledge or guidance that people possess comes from Allah’s guidance and teaching.
14: All goodness stems from Allah’s grace towards His servants, undeservedly, while all evil comes from people as a result of following their personal whims.
15: A person does not create his action; rather, he and his action are created by Allah Almighty.
16: No matter how numerous sins and misdeeds may be, Allah Almighty forgives them; but one needs to ask Him for forgiveness. Hence, He said: “So, ask forgiveness of Me, and I will forgive you.”
17: If a person acts rightly, this is by Allah’s help, and the reward he receives is a favor from his Lord; so all praise is due to Him.
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