عن أبي عبد الله جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاري رضي الله عنهما أن رجلاً سأل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: أرأيت إذا صليت المكتوبات، وصمت رمضان، وأحللت الحلال، وحرمت الحرام، ولم أزد على ذلك شيئاً، أأدخل الجنة؟ قال: «نعم».
[صحيح] - [رواه مسلم]
المزيــد ...

Abu ‘Abdullah Jābir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansāri (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) reported that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him): “Tell me, if I were to pray the obligatory prayers, fast Ramadan, deem lawful all that has been made lawful, and deem unlawful all that has been made unlawful, without increasing anything on that, would I enter Paradise?” The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Yes.”
Sahih/Authentic. - [Muslim]

Explanation

Abu ‘Abdullah Jābir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansāri (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) reported that a man asked the Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him): “Tell me, if I were to pray the obligatory prayer (i.e. the five obligatory prayers, and would not perform any extra voluntary prayers), fast Ramadan (only without any voluntary fasts), deem lawful all that has been made lawful (and do only what is permissible), and deem unlawful all that has been made unlawful (and avoid all that, believing in its prohibition and finding sufficiency in what is lawful), without increasing anything on that, would I enter Paradise (is this adequate for entering Paradise?) The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) answered in the affirmative because piety entails doing the obligations and avoiding the prohibitions. This is what textual proofs define as 'Moqtasid' or moderate, which refers to the one who performs only what Allah has made obligatory for him and avoid only what He has prohibited.

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Benefits

  1. The Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) were keen on knowing and adhering to the truth and guidance. They were also keen on knowing the deeds that lead to Paradise.
  2. The Hadīth indicates that Paradise is the main goal of a Muslim, and that man does good deeds in order to attain Allah’s pleasure and reside in His Paradise.
  3. The Hadīth indicates that deeds are a means for entering Paradise.
  4. The great status of the five obligatory prayers, being the most significant deed after proclaiming the two testimonies of faith.
  5. The great status of fasting. Perhaps when this question was asked, the other ordinances were not yet completed, or that the questioner had no money on which Zakah was due.
  6. One should comply with what is reported from Allah and His Messenger (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) in terms of considering lawful what is declared by the Shariah to be lawful, and considering unlawful what is declared by the Shariah to be unlawful. Thus, he does only what is made permissible by Allah and keeps away from what Allah has prohibited and forbidden while believing that it is unlawful.