1: It points out the merit of the Commander of the Faithful ‘Uthmān (may Allah be pleased with him) and his keenness on spreading knowledge and the Sunnah.
2: Teaching by example, which is more effective and accurate.
3: It is recommended to wash one’s hands before putting them into the vessel for the start of ablution, even if one has not just awoken from sleep. Yet, if one has just got up from sleep by night, one is required to wash one’s hands.
4: If a person performs an act of worship for the sake of Allah with the intention to teach others, this does not detract from his sincerity.
5: A teacher should adopt the closest approach to understanding and absorption of knowledge.
6: When someone is about to begin an act of worship, he should try to get rid of the thoughts related to worldly life and resist himself in so doing. In prayer, for example, a person’s mind tends to think about what he is passionate about.
7: It is recommended to begin with the right-side organs during ablution and to use the right hand in taking the water during this process.
8: It is prescribed to observe the following order: rinsing the mouth, Istinshāq (sniffing water into the nose), and lastly Istinthār (blowing water out of the nose).
9: Washing the face thrice.
10: Wiping over the entire head once.
11: Washing the feet along with the ankles thrice.
12: This should be done in the prescribed order, for Allah Almighty commands us to wipe over the head as He placed it between washing the feet and the other organs, which points to the obligation of observing this order.
13: This is the full description of how the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) performed ablution.
14: The legitimacy of offering prayer after ablution.
15: The means to make prayer complete and perfect is achieving the presence of mind and humility before Allah Almighty. This encourages us to be sincere and warns us that the prayer will not be accepted if we indulge thoughts of worldly affairs. If worldly things cross the mind in prayer, one should repel them, he will hopefully gain this reward.
16: Washing the hands up to the elbows thrice.
17: The promised reward is conditional upon doing both things, namely ablution in the said manner and two Rak‘ahs after it, as mentioned.
18: The reward for making ablution and offering two Rak‘ahs with humility is Allah’s forgiveness of past sins.