عن حمران مولى عثمان أنَّه رأى عثمان دعا بوَضُوء, فأفرَغ على يَدَيه مِن إنائه, فغَسَلهُما ثلاثَ مرَّات، ثمَّ أدخل يَمينَه في الوَضُوء, ثمَّ تَمضمَض واستَنشَق واستَنثَر، ثُمَّ غَسل وَجهه ثَلاثًا, ويديه إلى المرفقين ثلاثا, ثم مسح برأسه, ثمَّ غَسل كِلتا رجليه ثلاثًا, ثمَّ قال: رأيتُ النَّبِي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يتوضَّأ نحو وُضوئي هذا، وقال: (من توضَّأ نحو وُضوئي هذا, ثمَّ صلَّى ركعتين, لا يحدِّث فِيهما نفسه غُفِر له ما تقدَّم من ذنبه).
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Humrān, the freed slave of ‘Uthmān, reported that he saw ‘Uthmān call for water to perform ablution, then he poured the water on his hands from the vessel and washed them three times. Then he put his right hand in the water and rinsed his mouth and his nose. Then he washed his face three times and his arms up to the elbow three times. Then he wiped his head and washed each of his feet three times. Then he said: "I saw the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) perform ablution like I have just done." Then he said: "Whoever performs ablution as I have done and then stands and prays two Rak‘ahs without letting his thoughts wander, his previous sins will be forgiven."
Sahih/Authentic. - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

This great Hadīth comprises the full description of the Prophet's ablution. Out of ‘Uthmān's efficient techniques of teaching, he practically illustrated the Prophet's performance of ablution so that learning would be easier. He asked for a pitcher of water. Once brought to him, he did not put his hands in it in order to avoid spoiling it. Instead, he poured the water on his hands three times until they were cleaned. After that, he put his right hand in the pitcher, took some water, and rinsed his mouth and nose. Then he washed his face three times. Then he washed his hands up to his elbows three times. He then wiped his entire head one time. Then he washed his feet up to his ankles three times. After ‘Uthmān finished this complete ablution, he informed them that he saw the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) perform a similar ablution. He told them that whoever performs ablution in this way and prays two Rak‘ahs afterwards with humility and without letting his thoughts wander while praying, Allah will grant him great reward for performing this complete ablution and sincere prayer by forgiving his previous sins.

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1: It points out the merit of the Commander of the Faithful ‘Uthmān (may Allah be pleased with him) and his keenness on spreading knowledge and the Sunnah.
2: Teaching by example, which is more effective and accurate.
3: It is recommended to wash one’s hands before putting them into the vessel for the start of ablution, even if one has not just awoken from sleep. Yet, if one has just got up from sleep by night, one is required to wash one’s hands.
4: If a person performs an act of worship for the sake of Allah with the intention to teach others, this does not detract from his sincerity.
5: A teacher should adopt the closest approach to understanding and absorption of knowledge.
6: When someone is about to begin an act of worship, he should try to get rid of the thoughts related to worldly life and resist himself in so doing. In prayer, for example, a person’s mind tends to think about what he is passionate about.
7: It is recommended to begin with the right-side organs during ablution and to use the right hand in taking the water during this process.
8: It is prescribed to observe the following order: rinsing the mouth, Istinshāq (sniffing water into the nose), and lastly Istinthār (blowing water out of the nose).
9: Washing the face thrice.
10: Wiping over the entire head once.
11: Washing the feet along with the ankles thrice.
12: This should be done in the prescribed order, for Allah Almighty commands us to wipe over the head as He placed it between washing the feet and the other organs, which points to the obligation of observing this order.
13: This is the full description of how the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) performed ablution.
14: The legitimacy of offering prayer after ablution.
15: The means to make prayer complete and perfect is achieving the presence of mind and humility before Allah Almighty. This encourages us to be sincere and warns us that the prayer will not be accepted if we indulge thoughts of worldly affairs. If worldly things cross the mind in prayer, one should repel them, he will hopefully gain this reward.
16: Washing the hands up to the elbows thrice.
17: The promised reward is conditional upon doing both things, namely ablution in the said manner and two Rak‘ahs after it, as mentioned.
18: The reward for making ablution and offering two Rak‘ahs with humility is Allah’s forgiveness of past sins.
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