عن جابر بن عبد الله -رضي الله عنهما- مرفوعاً: «إِذَا دَخَل الرَّجُل بَيتَه، فَذَكَرَ اللهَ -تَعَالَى- عِندَ دُخُولِهِ، وَعِندَ طَعَامِهِ، قَالَ الشَّيطَانُ لِأَصْحَابِهِ: لاَ مَبِيتَ لَكُم وَلاَ عَشَاءَ، وَإِذَا دَخَلَ فَلَم يَذْكُر الله -تَعَالَى- عِندَ دُخُولِهِ، قَالَ الشَّيطَان: أَدْرَكْتُمُ المَبِيت؛ وَإِذا لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اللهَ -تَعَالَى- عِندَ طَعَامِه، قالَ: أَدرَكتُم المَبِيتَ وَالعَشَاءَ».
[صحيح.] - [رواه مسلم.]
المزيــد ...

Jābir ibn ‘Abdullāh (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "When one mentions Allah's name, on entering his house and when eating, the devil says to his companions: 'There is no night shelter nor supper here for you.' However, when one does not mention Allah's name, on entering his house, the devil says: 'You have found yourselves a night shelter.’ If one does not mention Allah's name, when starting to eat, the devil will say: 'You have found yourselves both a night shelter and supper.'"

Explanation

The Hadīth of Jābir (may Allah be pleased with him) refers to the etiquette of eating. He reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "When one remembers Allah, Exalted, on entering his house and when eating, the devil says to his companions: 'There is no night shelter nor supper here for you'", because of remembering Allah. Remembering Allah, the Almighty, on entering the house is by saying: "In the name of Allah we enter, and in the name of Allah we exit." As for what should be said before eating, it is: "In the name of Allah." If one remembers Allah upon entering the house as well as before eating his supper, the devil will say to his companions: "There is no night shelter nor supper here for you", because this house and food have been protected by the remembrance of Allah, the Almighty, Who is protecting it from the devils. However, if one enters his house without remembering Allah, Exalted, the devil will say: "You have found yourselves a night shelter." Similarly, if one is served food but does not remember Allah, the Almighty, before eating, the devil will say: "You have found yourselves both a night shelter and supper," i.e. the devil shares with him the night shelter and the food for not being protected by the remembrance of Allah. This Hadīth encourages one to mention the name of Allah when he enters his house. The prescribed Dhikr here is: "In the name of Allah we enter, and in the name of Allah we exit; and we put our trust in Allah, our Lord. O Allah, I ask you for the best entrance and the best exit.”

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