عن عَبْدُ الله بن عمر -رضي الله عنهما- «أَنَّ امْرَأَةً وُجِدَتْ فِي بَعْضِ مَغَازِي النَّبِيِّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- مَقْتُولَةً، فَأَنْكَرَ النَّبِيُّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قَتْلَ النِّسَاءِ، وَالصِّبْيَانِ».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

‘Abdullāh ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that a woman was found killed in one of the expeditions of the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him), and so he denounced killing women and children.
[Sahih/Authentic] - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

The Prophet's denouncement of the killing of women and children indicates that it is forbidden to kill them. His words: "this woman would not have fought," which appear in some of the Hadīths with a similar meaning point to the reason for it being forbidden to kill women: that the majority of them do not fight, even if some of them possess evil and boldness. The rule is generalized, so if a woman does fight, she will be fought against.

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