عن أبي هريرة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لعمه: "قل: لا إله إلا الله، أشهد لك بها يوم القيامة"، قال: لولا أن تُعَيِّرَني قريش، يقولون: إنما حمله على ذلك الجزع لأقررتُ بها عينك. فأنزل الله: {إنك لا تهدي من أحببت ولكن الله يهدي من يشاء} [القصص: 56].
[صحيح] - [رواه مسلم]
المزيــد ...

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said to his uncle: "Say 'there is no god but Allah', and I will testify for you by it on the Day of Judgment." He said: "Were it not the fear that the Quraysh may blame me and say that it was the fear (from imminent death) that induced me to do so, I would have certainly delighted your eyes with it." So, Allah revealed: {You cannot guide whoever you like, but Allah guides whom He wills.} [Surat al-Qasas: 56]
Sahih/Authentic. - [Muslim]

Explanation

The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) asked his uncle Abu Tālib, while in the throes of death, to utter the testimony of faith, so that he could intercede for him with it on the Day of Judgment and testify that he was a Muslim. But he refused to utter it, fearing that the Quraysh would revile him and say that he embraced Islam out of fear from death and weakness. So, nothing prevented him from entering Islam but the fear from what the Quraysh would say about him. He said to the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him): Were it not for that, I would have made you joyful by saying the testimony and fulfill your wish. So, Allah Almighty revealed a verse proclaiming that the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) had no power to guide people in the sense of inspiring them to accept Islam, though he guided them by clarifying, showing, and calling them to the straight path. Yet, it is Allah Almighty alone Who can put faith into their hearts and guide them to act upon it.

Translation:
View Translations
1: The Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) did not have power to reform anyone's heart or guide him to embrace faith, and none whatsoever can do so but Allah, the Exalted.
2: The Hadīth demonstrates the circumstances surrounding the revelation of that verse.
3: It points out that the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) will intercede for Muslims on the Day of Resurrection.
4: Religion is the greatest thing a person may possess. So, he should not lose it out of fear from people's opinions about him.
5: Guidance comes from Allah Almighty. So, we may not ask for it from anyone but Him, whether a person seeks it for himself or others.
Donate