عن عبد الله بن مسعود -رضي الله عنه- مرفوعًا: «ليس مِنَّا من ضرب الْخُدُودَ، وشَقَّ الْجُيُوبَ، ودعا بِدَعْوَى الجاهلية».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

‘Abdullāh ibn Mas‘ūd (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "He is not one of us he who slaps his cheeks, tears open his clothes, and wails in the manner of the days of ignorance."

Explanation

To Allah belongs what He takes and to Him belongs what He gives, and therein lies perfect wisdom and rational action. Whoever opposes this and objects to it is opposing the judgment and decree of Allah, which is the very essence of wisdom and benefit, and the foundation of justice and righteousness. Therefore, the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said that whoever is displeased with the decree of Allah is not following his praiseworthy way and his sought-after Sunnah. Rather, he has swerved from the right path toward the path of those who show impatience and dismay when a calamity befalls them, because of their strong attachment to this worldly life. So, they do not seek the reward and pleasure of their Lord by being patient in the face of calamity. The Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) disassociates himself form those whose faith is too weak to bear the shock of the calamity that befalls them until they reach the point of feeling discontent with it in their hearts and showing it in their words by wailing and lamenting the dead, or in their actions by tearing the front openings of their garments and slapping their faces, thereby reviving the customs of the pre-Islamic period of ignorance. Indeed, his close allies are only those who, when afflicted with a calamity, show submission to the decree of Allah, the Exalted, and say: {Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return. Those are the ones upon whom are blessings from their Lord and mercy. And it is those who are the (rightly) guided} [Sūrat al-Baqarah: 156-157]. According to the methodology of Ahl As-Sunnah wa al-Jamā‘ah, the mere commission of sin does not take a Muslim outside the fold of Islam, even if it is a major sin such as killing a person unjustly. There are many authentic texts whose apparent meanings suggest that some major sins may take a Muslim outside the fold of Islam, such as the Hadīth in question: "He is not one of us he who slaps his cheeks, tears his clothes, and wails in the manner of the times of ignorance." The best interpretation of those Hadīths is what Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said about faith being of two types: a type that protects the person from entering Hell, and a type that does not protect him from entering Hell but protects him from abiding therein eternally. So, whoever has perfect faith and follows the path of the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and his guidance, he is the one whose faith will protect him from entering Hell. Ibn Taymiyyah, (may Allah have mercy upon him) added: "Everything has conditions and impediments, so for a thing to take place, its conditions must be met and its impediment must be nonexistent. Example of that is when a certain punishment is a consequence of doing a certain action, so, the commission of that action is necessary for the punishment to occur unless there is an impediment that prevents its occurrence. The greatest impediment in such a case is the presence of faith, which prevents abiding in Hell eternally."

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