عن أبي هريرة -رضي الله عنه- قال: «أوصاني خليلي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- بثلاث: صيام ثَلاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ من كل شهر، وَرَكْعَتَيِ الضُّحَى، وأن أُوتِرَ قبل أن أنام».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: My close friend (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) advised me to do three things: fast three days of every month, perform the two Rak‘ahs of Duha, and perform the Witr prayer before I go to sleep.
[Sahih/Authentic] - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

This Hadīth includes three noble prophetic recommendations: 1. Encouragement to fast three days of every month, because a good deed is multiplied ten times, so fasting three days is like fasting the entire month. It is better that these three days be the 13th, 14th, and 15th of the Hijri month, as mentioned in some Hadīths. 2. To perform the Duha prayer, with at least two Rak‘ahs, especially for the one who does not perform night prayer like Abu Hurayrah who used to spend the first part of the night studying religious knowledge. The best time to pray Duha is when the young camels feel the heat of the sun and lift their hooves away from the hot sand, as mentioned in another Hadīth. The scholars defined this time to be halfway between sunrise and Zhuhr prayer. 3. That whoever does not wake up in the last part of the night (for voluntary night prayer) should pray Witr (prayer with an odd number of Rak‘ahs) before sleeping so as not to miss the time for praying Witr.

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