عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما، قال: «أنزل على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو ابن أربعين، فمكث بمكة ثلاث عشرة سنة، ثم أمر بالهجرة فهاجر إلى المدينة، فمكث بها عشر سنين، ثم توفي صلى الله عليه وسلم».
[صحيح] - [متفق عليه]
المزيــد ...

Ibn ‘Abbās (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) received divine revelation at the age of forty. He spent 13 years in Makkah. Then, he was commanded to immigrate, and he immigrated to Madīnah, where he stayed for 10 years. Then, he (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) passed away."
Sahih/Authentic. - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

Ibn ‘Abbās (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) received revelation from Allah Almighty when he was forty years old, the age of full maturity, according to most scholars. The revelation came down during Ramadan. He stayed in Makkah for 13 years after the beginning of revelation. This is the Makkan period. In another version, this period is reported to be 10 years, and the 3-year fraction is omitted, for the sake of approximation. Then, he was commanded to immigrate, and he immigrated to Madīnah and stayed there for ten years, after which he passed away, aged 63.

Translation:
View Translations
1: The Hadīth illustrates the beginning of the Prophet's mission.
2: It demonstrates the Prophet's age at the start of his mission and at the time of his death.
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