عن سليمان بن صُرَدٍ -رضي الله عنه- قال: كنت جالسًا مع النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- ورجلان يَسْتَبَّانِ، وأحدهما قد احْمَرَّ وجْهُه، وانْتَفَخَتْ أَوْدَاجُهُ، فقال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-: «إِنِّي لأعلم كلمة لو قالها لذهبَ عنه ما يجد، لو قال: أعُوذ بالله من الشَّيطان الرجيم، ذهبَ منه ما يَجد». فقالوا له: إن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قال: «تَعَوَّذْ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Sulaymān ibn Surad (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: While I was sitting with the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him), two men began to insult each other, and the face of one of them turned red and the veins of his neck got swollen. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: "I know a word that if he said, his rage would go away. If he said, 'I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed devil', his rage would subside." So, they said to him: "The Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) tells you to seek refuge with Allah from the accursed devil."

Explanation

Sulaymān ibn Surad (may Allah be pleased with him) relates in this Hadīth that two men exchanged insults in the presence of the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and one of them grew so angry that his face became red and swollen. On seeing this, the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) remarked: I know a word that if he said, his rage would go away; if he said: I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed devil, because his rage was caused by the devil, and so if he turned to Allah, the Almighty, for refuge and protection against his evil, Allah would make his anger go away, by the blessing of this statement. Thereupon, the Companions informed this man that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) advised him to seek refuge in Allah from the accursed devil. In some narrations of this Hadīth, the man, being extremely angry, refused to say these words and said: "Have I been touched by insanity?”

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