عن أبي عبد الله ويقال أبو عبد الرحمن ثوبان مولى رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- -رضي الله عنه- قال: سمعت رسول لله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول: «عليك بكثرة السجود؛ فإنك لن تسجد لله سجدة إلا رَفَعَكَ الله بها دَرَجة، وحَطَّ عنك بها خَطِيئة».
[صحيح.] - [رواه مسلم.]
المزيــد ...

Thawbān (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "Make frequent prostration to Allah, for every prostration that you make for Allah, He will raise your position a degree and will remit one of your sins."

Explanation

The context of this Hadīth: Ma‘dān ibn Talhah (may Allah have mercy upon him) said: "I went to Thawbān and said: Tell me of an action which if I perform it, Allah will admit me into Paradise" or he said: "Tell me what the most beloved deeds to Allah are." Thawbān was silent, so he asked him again. Thawbān remained silent, so he asked him for the third time and he answered: "I asked the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) about this and he said: 'Make frequent prostration..." (the Hadīth ends with: ' Ma‘dān said: "I later met Abu Ad-Dardā’ and asked him the same question, and he gave me the same answer as Thawbān." "Make frequent prostration" means be keen on frequent prostration. This is similar to the Hadīth reported by Rabī‘ah ibn Ka‘b al-Aslami (may Allah be pleased with him) who said to the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him): "I ask seek your companionship in Paradise." So the Prophet responded saying: "Then help me achieve this by making frequent prostration (to Allah)." Also, ‘Ubādah ibn As-Sāmit (may Allah be pleased with him) said that he heard the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) saying: "No one prostrates to Allah but Allah will record one good reward for him, and will erase thereby one bad deed, and raise him in status one degree, so make frequent prostration." Prostration to Allah is one of the best acts of obedience, and one of the most sublime ways to get closer to Allah because of the ultimate humility and servitude to Allah that it represents. Prostration involves placing the highest and noblest part of one's body, which is his face, on the dusty ground which people tread on and treat with disrespect. It is noteworthy to mention that prostration here means: prostration within the prayer, not prostration per se. Prostration alone is not permissible because it was not legislated in the Qur'an or Sunnah. The fundamental principle regarding acts of worship is that they are impermissible to perform except if there is proof (from the Qur'an or Sunnah) that they are legislated. Hence, prostration outside prayer is impermissible except for a legislated reason such as the prostration of recitation required when reading certain verses in the Qur'an or the prostration of thankfulness to Allah. These two types of prostration have evidence in Islamic Shariah. Then the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) clarified the extent of reward that the person receives when he prostrates. He attains two great rewards: 1. Allah raises his status one rank, meaning that he will be raised in the sight of Allah, as well as in the hearts of people and in his record of good deeds. 2. Allah erases one sin from his record of bad deeds. A person reaches perfection by removing what he dislikes and achieving what he likes. The raising of one's status is what man likes, and sins are among what he dislikes. If his status is raised by one rank and one sin is erased from his record, then he, indeed, has received what he loves and was saved from what he fears.

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