عن أبي سعيد الخدري-رضي الله عنه-، قال: خرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في أضْحَى أو فِطْر إلى المُصَلَّى، فَمَرَّ على النساء، فقال: «يا مَعْشَرَ النساء تَصَدَّقْنَ فإني أُرِيتُكُنَّ أكثر أهْل النار». فقُلن: وبِمَ يا رسول الله؟ قال: «تُكْثِرْن اللَّعن، وتَكْفُرْن العَشِير، ما رَأَيْت من ناقِصَات عَقْل ودِين أَذْهَبَ لِلُبِّ الرَّجُل الحَازم من إحدَاكُن». قُلْن: وما نُقصَان دِينِنَا وعَقْلِنَا يا رسول الله؟ قال: «ألَيْس شهادة المرأة مثل نِصف شَهادة الرَّجُل». قُلْن: بَلَى، قال: «فذَلِك من نُقصان عقْلِها، ألَيْس إذا حَاضَت لم تُصَلِّ ولم تَصُم». قُلْن: بَلَى، قال: «فذَلِك من نُقصان دِينِها».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Sa‘īd al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) went out to the prayer grounds on Eid al-Ad'ha or 'Eid al-Fitr and passed by the women. He said: "O womenfolk, give charity, for I have seen that you form the majority of the inhabitants of Hellfire." They said: "Why is that, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "You curse frequently and you are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone deficient in intelligence and religion, yet a decisive and sensible man could be led and subdued by one of you." They said: "O Messenger of Allah, what is the deficiency in our religion and intelligence?" He said: "Isn't the testimony of two women equals to the testimony of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said: "That is the deficiency in her intelligence. Is it not true that a woman neither prays nor fasts during her menses?" They replied in the affirmative. He said: "That is the deficiency in her religion."
[Sahih/Authentic] - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

Abu Sa‘īd (may Allah be pleased with him) informs us that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) went out to the prayer grounds on Eid al-Ad'ha or Eid al-Fitr and passed by the women - after he had given a general sermon for the men and women - and gave a special sermon to them in order to warn them, remind them, and motivate them to give charity, because charity cools the anger of the Lord, and that is why he said to them: "O womenfolk, give charity, for I have seen that you form the majority of the inhabitants of Hellfire." This means: give lots of charity in order to safeguard yourselves from the torment of Allah, because I was shown Hellfire and I saw it with my own eyes, and saw that most of its inhabitants were women. They asked him why they would be the majority of the Hellfire inhabitants and he said: "For your frequent cursing" i.e. because you curse others a lot, which is the worst invocation directed to someone, because it means being expelled from the mercy of Allah, and distanced from all forms of goodness in this world and in the Hereafter. Without doubt it contradicts the extensive mercy of Allah which exceeds His wrath. "And your ingratitude to your husbands", i.e. you conceal the husband's favor, deny his kind treatment and forget his courtesies. In a narration by Al-Bukhāri and Muslim, Ibn ‘Abbās reported: "It was said: Do they disbelieve in Allah? He said: They are ungrateful to their husbands and deny kind treatment. If you treated one of them kindly for a lifetime then she saw something (she disliked) from you, she would say (I have never seen any good from you)." "I have not seen anyone deficient in intelligence and religion who can lead a a decisive and sensible man more than one of you", i.e. no one is more capable of disabling a man of his senses than a woman, even if a man is known to be cautious and stern. That is due to the power of her emotional effect, the magic of her beauty and her seductiveness. Describing them in this way is a form of exaggeration, because if a cautious and sensible man submits to them, then others will be more likely to submit to them. "They said: O Messenger of Allah, and what is the deficiency in our religion and intelligence?" It seems that they didn't know this, so they inquired about it. "He said: Isn't the testimony of two women equals to the testimony of one man?” A question from him (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) was asked in order to establish the fact that the testimony of two women is equal to the testimony of one man. They replied in the affirmative. "He said: This is the deficiency in her intelligence", meaning that the deficiency in her intelligence is because the testimony of two women is equal to the testimony of one man, and this is alluded to in the verse where Allah, the Almighty, says (what means): {And get two witnesses out of your men. And if there are not two men (available), then a man and two women, of those whom you satisfied with as witnesses, so that if one of them (two women) errs, the other will remind her} [Sūrat al-Baqarah: 282]. Seeking the assistance of another woman is a proof of her lack of accuracy which gives the sense of deficiency in her intelligence. "Is it not true that a woman can neither pray nor fast during her menses?", and this was a question posed by him in order to establish the fact that a woman leaves off prayer and fasting during her menses. “They replied in the affirmative. He said: This is the deficiency in her religion", because if a woman leaves off prayer and fasting, which are the two most important pillars of Islam, then this is a deficiency in her religion. She does not pray nor does she make up for the prayers; and regarding the fast, she misses participating in this act of obedience with the believers during her menses in Ramadan. Despite this, women are not to be blamed or taken to task for these deficiencies, because they are part of their nature. However, the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) gave notice of them as a warning of being tempted by women. That is why the punishment is related to what was mentioned of their ingratitude, etc. and not to the deficiency in them, because they have no choice and cannot in any way repel it.

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