عن أبي جعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب أَنَّه كان هو وأبوه عند جابر بن عبد الله، وعنده قوم، فسألوه عن الغسل؟ فقال: صَاعٌ يَكْفِيكَ، فقال رجل: ما يَكْفِينِي، فقال جابر: كان يَكْفِي من هو أَوفَى مِنْكَ شَعْرًا، وخَيرًا مِنكَ -يريد رسول الله- -صلى الله عليه وسلم- ثُمَّ أَمَّنَا في ثَوبٍ. وفي لفظ: ((كان رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يُفْرِغُ المَاءَ على رَأسِهِ ثَلاَثًا)).
[صحيح.] - [الرواية الأولى: متفق عليها الرواية الثانية: رواها مسلم.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn `Ali ibn Abi Taalib reported that he and his father were with Jaabir ibn `Abdullah, who had some people sitting with him. They asked him about Ghusl (ritual bath). He replied: "One Saa` of water is sufficient for you." A man said: "It is not sufficient for me." Thereupon, Jaabir said: "It was sufficient for someone who had more hair than you and was better than you (meaning the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him." Then, Jaabir led them in prayer while wearing one garment. In another narration: "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, used to pour water over his head thrice.”

Explanation

Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn `Ali and his father were visiting the noble Companion Jaabir ibn `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with both of them, and he had some people with him. One of the men asked Jaabir how much water would be sufficient for Ghusl (ritual bath) from Janaabah (sexual impurity), and he replied: "One Saa` of water is sufficient for you." Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, who was one of those people sitting with Jaabir, said that this amount was not sufficient for him to make Ghusl from Janaabah. So, Jaabir said that it was sufficient for someone who had more hair than him, and who was better than him, and therefore more careful than him regarding his purity and his religion (referring to the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him). This is meant to urge Muslims to follow the Sunnah and avoid wasting water while making Ghusl. Then Jaabir led them in prayer.

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