عن عبد الله بن عمر -رضي الله عنهما- قال: «أَجْرَى النَّبِيُّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- ما ضُمِّرَ مِن الْخَيْل: مِنْ الْحَفْيَاءِ إلَى ثَنِيَّةِ الوَداع، وَأَجْرَى ما لَمْ يُضَمَّرْ: مِنْ الثَّنِيَّةِ إلَى مسجد بني زُرَيْقٍ. قَال ابن عمر: وَكنْتُ فِيمَن أَجْرى. قَالَ سفيان: مِن الْحَفْيَاء إلى ثَنِيَّة الوداع: خمسة أمْيال، أو سِتَّة، ومن ثَنِيَّة الوداع إلى مسجد بني زُرَيْقٍ: مِيلٌ».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with both of them, reported: "The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, arranged for a horse race among the horses that had been especially prepared for that purpose to take place between Al-Hafyaa and Thaniyyat-ul-Wadaa‘, and for the horses which had not been prepared from Thaniyyat-ul-Wadaa‘ to the mosque of the Bani Zurayq." Ibn ‘Umar said: "I was one of those who took part in that horse race." Sufyaan, a sub-narrator, said, "The distance between Al-Hafyaa and Thaniyyat-ul-Wadaa‘ is five or six miles, and between Thaniyyat-ul-Wadaa‘ and the mosque of the Bani Zurayq there is one mile."

Explanation

The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, was ready for jihad and thus observed what could help him undertake it. In this respect, he complied with Allah's saying: {And prepare against them whatever you are able of power and of steeds of war by which you may terrify the enemy of Allah and your enemy.} [Surat-ul-Anfaal: 60] So he would keep horses under conditions that would make them strong. He would also train his Companions in horse racing in order for them to master the strategies of horse mounting. He also set the distance that trained and untrained horses should cover separately so that each category would receive proper training. In this regard, he made trained horses, which were strong enough because of their feeding system, race six miles. Untrained horses were made to run only one mile. ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with both of them, was a young man then, and he participated in the horse race.

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