عن عبد الله بن عمر -رضي الله عنهما- قال: « تَمَتَّعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فِي حَجَّةِ الوَدَاع بالعُمرَة إلى الحج وأهدَى، فَسَاقَ مَعَهُ الهَدْيَ مِن ذِي الحُلَيفَة، وَبَدَأَ رَسول اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- وَأَهَلَّ بالعمرة, ثُمَّ أَهَلَّ بالحج, فَتَمَتَّعَ النَّاس مع رسول اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فَأَهَلَّ بالعمرة إلَى الحج, فَكَان مِن النَّاس مَنْ أَهْدَى, فَسَاقَ الهَدْيَ مِن ذي الحُلَيفَة، وَمِنهُم مَنْ لَمْ يُهْدِ، فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ رسول اللَّه -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قَالَ للنَّاس: مَنْ كَانَ مِنكُم أَهْدَى, فَإِنَّهُ لا يَحِلُّ مِن شَيء حَرُمَ مِنْهُ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ حَجَّهُ، وَمَن لَم يَكُن أَهْدَى فَلْيَطُفْ بالبَيت وَبالصَّفَا وَالمَروَة, وَلْيُقَصِّر وَلْيَحْلِل, ثُمَّ لِيُهِلَّ بالحج وليُهدِ, فَمَن لم يجد هَدْياً فَلْيَصُم ثَلاثَةَ أَيَّام فِي الحج وَسَبعة إذَا رَجَعَ إلى أَهلِهِ فَطَافَ رسول اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- حِينَ قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ، وَاستَلَمَ الرُّكْنَ أَوَّلَ شَيْءٍ, ثُمَّ خَبَّ ثَلاثَةَ أَطْوَافٍ مِنْ السَّبْعِ, وَمَشَى أَربَعَة, وَرَكَعَ حِينَ قَضَى طَوَافَهُ بالبيت عِند المَقَام رَكعَتَين, ثُمَّ انصَرَفَ فَأَتَى الصَّفَا, وطاف بِالصَّفَا وَالمَروَة سَبعَةَ أَطوَاف, ثُمَّ لَم يَحلِل مِنْ شَيْءٍ حَرُمَ منه حَتَّى قَضَى حَجَّهُ, وَنَحَرَ هَدْيَهُ يوم النَّحرِ، وَأَفَاضَ فَطَافَ بالبيت, ثُمَّ حَلَّ مِن كُلِّ شَيء حَرُمَ مِنهُ, وَفَعَلَ مِثل مَا فَعَلَ رَسول اللَّه -صلى الله عليه وسلم-: مَن أَهدَى وَسَاقَ الهَديَ مِن النَّاسِ». «رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- حِينَ يَقْدَمُ مكَّة إذا اسْتَلَمَ الرُّكْنَ الأَسْوَدَ -أَول ما يَطُوفُ- يَخُبُّ ثَلاثَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه بروايتيه.]
المزيــد ...

`Abdullah ibn `Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, performed both `Umrah and Hajj in his Farewell Hajj, performing `Umrah first and then Hajj, and offered a sacrificial animal. He drove his sacrificial animals with him from Dhul-Hulayfah. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, started by assuming Ihraam (state of ritual consecration) for `Umrah, and after that, he assumed Ihraam for Hajj. And the people too performed `Umrah and Hajj with him. So he assumed Ihraam for `Umrah first and stayed in Makkah until Hajj. There were some people who brought sacrificial animals and drove them from Dhul-Hulayfah, while others did not. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, arrived, he said to the people: "Whoever among you has brought the sacrificial animal should not do anything prohibited on account of Ihraam until he ends his Hajj. And whoever among you has not brought the sacrificial animal should make Tawaaf around the Ka`bah, make Sa`y (going back and forth) between (mounts) Safa and Marwah, shorten his hair, and end his Ihraam. Thereafter, he must offer a sacrificial animal. If anyone cannot afford a sacrificial animal, he should fast three days during Hajj and seven days when he returns home." The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, performed Tawaaf around the Ka`bah on his arrival (at Makkah). He touched the corner (the Black Stone) first of all and then walked briskly during the first three rounds and normally during the last four ones. Then, he offered a two-Rak`ah (unit of prayer) prayer at the Station of Ibrahim (Abraham), after which he went to (mounts) Safa and Marwah and performed seven rounds of Sa`y between them. He did not do anything prohibited on account of Ihraam till he finished all the rituals of Hajj and slaughtered his sacrificial animal on the Day of Nahr (sacrifice). He then hastened (to Makkah) and performed Tawaaf around the Ka`bah. Upon doing this, everything that had been forbidden because of Ihraam became permissible for him. Those who took and drove the sacrificial animals with them did the same as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him. (Ibn `Umar said:) "I saw that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, arrived in Makkah, he would touch the Black Corner in the beginning of his Tawaaf and walk briskly for three rounds."

Explanation

The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, set out to Dhul-Hulayfah, the Meeqaat (place where one assumes Ihraam [ritual state of consecration]) for the residents of Madinah, intending to perform the Farewell Hajj in which he bid farewell to the Sacred House and the rituals of Hajj. He also bid farewell to the people and conveyed his message to them and made them bear witness to that. He assumed Ihraam for both Hajj and `Umrah. Thus, he performed Qiraan Hajj. Since Qiraan Hajj involves Tamattu`, the people entered into Tamattu` along with him. Some people assumed Ihraam for Hajj and `Umrah, while others assumed Ihraam for `Umrah, intending to perform Hajj next. Some others assumed Ihraam for Hajj only. The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, let them choose between the three types of Hajj. He, and so did some of his Companions, drove the sacrificial animals with him from Dhul-Hulayfah, while others did not do so. When they approached Makkah, some of those who brought the sacrificial animals with them intending to do Ifraad or Qiraan Hajj, suggested that they should revoke Hajj and replace it with `Umrah. But when they performed Tawaaf (circumambulation) and Sa`y (going back and forth between mounts Safa and Marwah), the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, ordered them emphatically to shorten their hair, end the state of Ihraam for `Umrah, assume Ihraam for Hajj, and offer the sacrificial animals in order for them to perform both Hajj and `Umrah on a single journey. He ordered those who could not afford to offer a sacrificial animal to fast ten days: three during the Hajj days, starting from the time they assume Ihraam for `Umrah, and seven when they would return home. When the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, arrived at Makkah, he touched the Black Stone and performed seven rounds of Tawaaf. He walked energetically during the first three rounds, which represented the Tawaaf of Arrival, and normally in the remaining four rounds. Then he offered two Rak`ahs (units of prayer) behind the Station of Ibrahim (Abraham), headed towards Mount Safa, and performed the seven-round Sa`y between (mounts) Safa and Marwah. He would run between the two pillars and walk in a normal pace elsewhere. The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, did not end his Ihraam until he finished Hajj and slaughtered his sacrificial animals on the Day of Nahr (sacrifice). After he had finished Hajj, had thrown the `Aqabah pebbles, and had slaughtered his sacrificial animals and shaved his head on the Day of Nahr, in what is known as the first Tahallul, he headed towards the Ka`bah in the forenoon and performed Tawaaf around it. Then he did all the things that were prohibited under Ihraam, including having sexual relations with his wives. Those among his Companions who had driven the sacrificial animals with them followed suit.

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