عن أنس بن مالك -رضي الله عنه- «أن رجلا دخل المسجد يوم الْجُمُعَةِ من باب كان نحو دار الْقَضَاءِ، ورسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قائم يَخْطُبُ، فَاسْتَقْبَلَ رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قائمًا، ثم قال: يا رسول الله، هَلَكَتِ الأموال، وانْقَطَعَتِ السُّبُلُ فَادْعُ الله تعالى يُغِيثُنَا، قال: فرفع رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يديه ثم قال: اللَّهُمَّ أَغِثْنَا ، اللَّهُمَّ أَغِثْنَا ، اللَّهُمَّ أَغِثْنَا. قال أنس: فلا والله ما نرى في السماء من سحاب ولا قَزَعَةٍ ، وما بيننا وبين سَلْعٍ من بيت ولا دار. قال: فطلعت من ورائه سَحَابَةٌ مثل التُّرْسِ. فلما تَوَسَّطَتْ السماء انْتَشَرَتْ ثُمَّ أَمْطَرَتْ. قال: فلا والله ما رأينا الشمس سَبْتاً. قال: ثم دخل رجل من ذلك الباب في الْجُمُعَةِ الْمُقْبِلَةِ، ورسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قائم يَخْطُبُ الناس، فَاسْتَقْبَلَهُ قائمًا، فقال: يا رسول الله، هَلَكَتْ الأَمْوَالُ وَانْقَطَعَتْ السُّبُلُ، فادع الله أن يُمْسِكَهَا عنَّا، قال: فرفع رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يديه ثم قال: اللَّهُمَّ حَوَالَيْنَا وَلا عَلَيْنَا, اللَّهُمَّ على الآكَامِ وَالظِّرَابِ وَبُطُونِ الأَوْدِيَةِ وَمَنَابِتِ الشَّجَر. قال: فَأَقْلَعَتْ، وخرجنا نمشي في الشمس». قال شريك: فسألت أنس بن مالك: أهو الرجل الأول قال: لا أدري.
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Anas ibn Maalik, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: “A person entered the mosque on a Friday through the gate facing Dar-ul-Qadaa’ while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, was standing delivering the sermon. The man stood in front of the Messenger and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off. So supplicate to Allah for rain.’ The Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah! Bless us with rain. O Allah! Bless us with rain. O Allah! Bless us with rain!’ By Allah! There were no clouds in the sky and there was no house or building between us and Mount Sila`. Then, all of a sudden, a big cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (the mountain) and when it arrived to the middle of the sky, it spread out and rained. By Allah! We could not see the sun for a week. Next Friday, a person entered through the same gate while the Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, was delivering the sermon. The man stood in front of him and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off. So supplicate to Allah to withhold the rain.’ The Messenger, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us. O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys, and on the places where trees grow.' The rain stopped, and we came out walking in the sunshine.” Shareek said: “I asked Anas whether it was the same person who had asked for rain the previous Friday, and he replied: ‘I do not know.’”

Explanation

While the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, was delivering the Friday sermon, a man entered the mosque, stood in front of him, and called him to point out the hardship they were going through as the cattle were dying for lack of grass, the roads were blocked, and the camels they used for travel and to transport things had become lean due to the drought. He asked the Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, to supplicate to Allah, the Almighty, to end their distress. The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, raised his hands and supplicated: “O Allah! Send down rain.” He said it three times, as he usually did in a supplication and on important issues. Although there were no clouds in the sky, a small cloud suddenly appeared from behind the mountain, due to the Prophet's supplication. When it was positioned in the middle of the sky, it grew, spread, and rained for seven consecutive days. Interestingly, the next Friday as the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, was delivering the sermon, a man came to complain about the ceaseless rain, as it was keeping the cattle in their stalls, unable to go grazing, until they were starving, and it was preventing people from seeking their livelihood. He asked the Prophet, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, to invoke Allah the Almighty to stop the rain. So he, once again, raised his hands and supplicated to Allah to make the rain fall around the city, not on it, so the people could go about their daily lives, unharmed, and their livestock could go to their pasture. And he implored Allah, the Almighty, to let the rain fall on the areas where it would be beneficial, such as the mountains, valleys, hills, and pastures. The rain came to a halt, and they left the mosque walking in sunshine.

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