عن عبادة بن الصامت -رضي الله عنه- قال: يا بُنَيَّ، إنك لن تجد طعم الإيمان حتى تعلم أن ما أصابك لم يكن ليخطئك، وما أخطأك لم يكن ليصيبك، سمعت رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول: «إن أول ما خلق الله القلم، فقال له: اكتب. فقال: رب، وماذا أكتب؟ قال: اكتب مقادير كل شيء حتى تقوم الساعة». يا بني سمعت رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول: «من مات على غير هذا فليس مني». وفي رواية لأحمد: «إن أول ما خلق الله تعالى القلم، فقال له: اكتب، فجرى في تلك الساعة بما هو كائن إلى يوم القيامة». وفي رواية لابن وهب قال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-: «فمن لم يؤمن بالقدر خيره وشره أحرقه الله بالنار».
[صحيح.] - [رواه أبو داود والترمذي وأحمد وابن وهب في «القَدَر».]
المزيــد ...

‘Ubādah ibn As-Sāmit (may Allah be pleased with him) said to his son: "O Son, you will not taste true faith until you know that whatever has come to you would never have missed you, and that whatever has missed you would never have come to you. I heard the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) say: 'The first thing Allah created was the Pen. He commanded it to write. It said: 'My Lord, what shall I write?' He said: 'Write down what has been ordained for all things until the establishment of the Hour.'" O Son, I heard the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) say: 'Whoever dies believing otherwise does not belong to me.'" In a narration by Imām Ahmad: "Verily, the first thing Allah, the Almighty, created was the Pen. He said to it: ‘Write.’ So in that very hour it wrote down all what was to occur up to the Day of Judgment." In a narration by Ibn Wahb, the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "So, whoever disbelieved in fate, the good and the bad thereof, Allah will burn him with the Hellfire.”
[Sahih/Authentic] - [Ibn Wahb in Al-Qadar - At-Tirmidhi - Abu Dawood - Ahmad]

Explanation

‘Ubādah ibn As-Sāmit (may Allah be pleased with him) gave his son, al-Walīd, the valuable advice to believe in fate, the good and bad thereof, and explained to him the good consequences of believing in it and the evil consequences of denying it in this world and the next. He supported his advice to his son with the Hadīth of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) that states that Allah has decreed the fates of all creatures and ordered the Pen to write them before these creatures came to existence. Hence, nothing in the universe, until the advent of the Hour, occurs except that it was preordained by Allah.

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