عن أسامة بن زيد بن حارثة -رضي الله عنهما- قال: أرسلت بنت النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- إنَّ ابني قد احتُضِر فاشْهَدنَا، فأرسَل يُقرِىءُ السَّلام، ويقول: «إنَّ لِلَّه ما أَخَذ ولَهُ ما أَعطَى، وكلُّ شَيءٍ عِنده بِأجَل مُسمَّى فَلتَصبِر ولتَحتَسِب». فأرسلت إليه تُقسِم عَليه لَيَأتِيَنَّها، فقام ومعه سعد بن عبادة، ومعاذ بن جبل، وأبي بن كعب، وزيد بن ثابت، ورجال -رضي الله عنهم- فَرفع إلى رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- الصَّبِي، فأَقعَدَه في حِجرِه ونَفسه تَقَعقَع، فَفَاضَت عينَاه فقال سعد: يا رسول الله، ما هذا؟ فقال: «هذه رَحمَة جَعلَها الله تعالى في قُلُوب عِباده» وفي رواية: «في قلوب من شاء من عباده، وإنَّما يَرحَم الله من عِبَاده الرُّحَماء».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Usaamah ibn Zayd ibn Haarithah, may Allah be pleased with both of them, reported: "The daughter of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, sent for him to come over because her son was dying. The Prophet sent her the greeting of peace and this message: 'To Allah belongs what He takes, and to Him belongs what He gives, and for everything He sets a specific term. So she should have patience and seek the reward from Allah.' She sent back urging him to come to her. So he, along with Sa`d ibn `Ubaadah, Mu`aadh ibn Jabal, Ubayy ibn Ka`b, Zayd ibn Thaabit and other men, may Allah be pleased with them, went. The boy was given to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, and his breath was disturbed in his chest, which made the eyes of the Messenger of Allah overflow with tears. Thereupon, Sa`d said: 'O Messenger of Allah, what is that?' He said: 'That is mercy which Allah, the Exalted, puts in the hearts of His slaves.' " In another version: "... in the hearts of those He wills of His slaves. Indeed, Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are merciful."

Explanation

Usaamah ibn Zayd, may Allah be pleased with him, recounts that one of the daughters of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, sent him a message that her son was dying and asked that he comes over. The Prophet told the messenger to tell her to have patience and to hope for the reward from Allah; meaning that she should be patient with this calamity while expecting the reward for her patience from Allah. Some people are patient but they do not hope for the reward. If they are patient and intend with their patience that Allah give them reward for it, then this is the meaning of Ihtisaab (expecting the reward from Allah). The Prophet's words "to Allah belongs what He takes and to Him belongs what He gives" is a great statement indeed. If everything belongs to Allah, then if He takes something from you, it is His, and if He gives you something, it is also His. So, how could you be angry and discontent if He takes from you what is originally His? That is why it is an act of Sunnah that when a person is afflicted with calamity he should say: "Innā lillaahi wa innā ilayhi raaji`ūn", which means: To Allah we belong, and to Him we shall return. This expression clearly means that we are the property of Allah, Who thus can do what He wills with His property. Likewise are the things we love; if Allah takes them from us, they are ultimately His. So, He is the ultimate owner of what He takes and what He gives. Yo do not own what Allah gives you and, therefore, you cannot dispose of what He has given you except in the way He permitted. Our ownership of what Allah gives us is limited, and we do not have absolute freedom in disposing of it. If this is the case, then how can we be impatient and intolerant when Allah, the absolute Owner, takes back what belongs to Him? This contradicts reason and text (the Quran and Sunnah). The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, added that everything has an appointed term with Allah; meaning that He has a fixed time limit for everything. So, if you believe with certainty that to Allah belongs what He takes and to Him belongs what He gives and that He has fixed an appointed term for everything, you will be convinced without doubt that man cannot change the decreed term of anything, neither by advancing its time nor by delaying it. This conforms with the saying of Allah, the Exalted: {For every nation is a (specified) term. When their time has come, then they will not remain behind an hour, nor will they precede (it).} [Surat Yunus: 49] So if a matter is predetermined by Allah and will neither be advanced or delayed from its appointed time, there is no benefit in impatience and discontent. Even if you are impatient and discontent, you will not change any part of fate. When the Prophet's daughter insisted that he goes to her, he went along with some of his Companions. He arrived when her child was in the throes of death. This made the eyes of the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, filled with tears. Sa`d ibn `Ubaadah thought that the Prophet was crying out of impatience, so the Prophet told him that he cries out of mercy for the little dying boy, not out of impatience and discontent with fate. Then he added that Allah is merciful to those of His slaves who are merciful to others. This Hadith indicates the permissibility of crying out of mercy for those who are afflicted with misfortune.

Translation: French Spanish Turkish Urdu Indonesian Bosnian Russian Bengali Chinese
View Translations