عن أبي قَتَادَةَ الأنصاري -رضي الله عنه- «أن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- خرج حاجًّا، فخرجوا معه، فصرف طائفة منهم -فيهم أبو قَتَادَةَ- وقال: خذوا ساحِل البحر حتى نَلْتَقِيَ. فأخذوا ساحل البحر، فلما انصرفوا أحرموا كلهم، إلا أبا قَتَادَةَ فلم يُحرم، فبينما هم يسيرون إذ رأوا حُمُرَ وَحْشٍ، فحمل أبو قَتَادَةَ على الْحُمُرِ، فَعَقَرَ منْها أَتَانَاً، فنزلنا فأكلنا من لحمها، ثم قلنا: أنأكل لحم صيد، ونحن محرمون؟ فحملنا ما بقي من لحمها فأدركنا رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-، فسألناه عن ذلك؟ فقال: منكم أحد أمره أن يحمل عليها، أو أشار إليها؟ قالوا: لا، قال: فكلوا ما بقي من لحمها»، وفي رواية: «قال: هل معكم منه شيء؟ فقلت: نعم، فناولته الْعَضُدَ ، فأكل منها».
[صحيح.] - [متفق عليه.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Qataadah al-'Ansari, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, set out for Hajj and so did his Companions. He sent a group of them by another route, and Abu Qataadah was one of them. He, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, said: "Proceed along the sea-shore until we meet up." So, they took the route of the sea-shore, and when they departed, all of them entered in the state of Ihram for Hajj except Abu Qataadah. While they were proceeding on, they saw a group of onagers. Abu Qataadah chased the onagers and wounded a she-onager. They got down and ate some of its meat and said to each other: "How do we eat the meat of the game while we are in a state of Ihram?" So, we carried the rest of its meat, and we met the Messenger of Allah and asked him about it. He, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, said: "Did anyone of you order Abu Qataadah to attack it or point at it?" They replied in the negative. He, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, said: "Then eat what is left of its meat." And in another narration: He, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, said: "Is there any more left with you?" I said: "Yes," and I gave him its upper arm to eat and he ate from it."

Explanation

The Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, set out in the year of Al-Hudaybiyah intending to perform `Umrah. Before he arrived at the designated place of Ihram for the inhabitants of Madinah, which is Dhul-Hulayfah, he was informed that an enemy was coming from the direction of the sea-shore intending to fight him. So, he commanded a group of his Companions – among whom was Abu Qataadah – to take the right direction on the sea-shore route in order to avert them. They proceeded toward that direction. When they departed to meet up with the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, at his appointed time, they all entered in the state of Ihram except Abu Qataadah. While they were walking they saw a group of onagers, and they hoped inside themselves that Abu Qataadah would see them since he was not in a state of Ihram (he could hunt). When he saw them, he chased them and wounded a she-onager. So, they all ate from its meat. Then they felt some doubt concerning the permissibility of their eating from it, while they were in a state of Ihram. So they carried what was left of its meat until they caught up with the Prophet, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, and asked him about it. He, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, asked them if anyone of them ordered Abu Qataadah or helped him by pointing or hinting at it. They replied that nothing of the sort happened. So he, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, assured their hearts by telling them that it was lawful for them, and ordered them to eat what was left thereof. He, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, also ate from it, in order to give comfort to their hearts.

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