عن أسامة بن زيد- رضي الله عنه- مرفوعاً: «قلت ُيا رسول الله، أتنزل غدا في دارك بمكة؟ قال: وهل ترك لنا عقيل من رِبَاعٍ؟ ثم قال: لا يَرِثُ الكافر المسلم، ولا المسلم الكافر
[صحيح] - [متفق عليه]
المزيــد ...

Usāmah ibn Zayd (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: I said: "O Messenger of Allah, will you stay in your house in Makkah?" He said: "Has ‘Aqīl left us any houses?" Then he said: "A disbeliever does not inherit from a Muslim, nor does a Muslim inherit from a disbeliever."
Sahih/Authentic. - [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation

When the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) went to conquer Makkah, Usāmah ibn Zayd (may Allah be pleased with him) asked him if he would stay in his house in Makkah on the day he enters the city. The Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: Has ‘Aqīl ibn Abu Tālib left us any houses to reside in? Abu Tālib died as a polytheist and he left four sons: Tālib, ‘Aqīl, Ja‘far, and ‘Ali. Ja‘far and ‘Ali embraced Islam before the death of Abu Tālib, so they did not inherit from him. Tālib and ‘Aqīl stayed on the religion of their own people, so they inherited from him. Tālib was lost in the battle of Badr; therefore, all the properties were transferred to ‘Aqīl, who later sold them out. The Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) gave a general ruling: ''A disbeliever does not inherit from a Muslim, nor does a Muslim inherit from a disbeliever." Inheritance is based on kinship relations and mutual benefits, and these are interrupted so long as religion is different. Religion is indeed the strongest bond; if it is missing, everything will be lost, including the kinship bonds. Thus, inheritance is invalid among relatives of different religions, because terminating religious bonds is more consequential than upholding kinship and marriage ties.

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