عن أبي يَعلى شَدَّاد بن أوس -رضي الله عنه- عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال: «الكَيِّسُ من دَانَ نفسه، وعمل لِمَا بعد الموت، والعاجزُ من أتْبَعَ نفسه هواها وَتَمنَّى على الله».
[ضعيف.] - [رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه وأحمد.]
المزيــد ...

Abu Ya‘lā Shaddād ibn Aws (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The wise man is the one who holds himself accountable and works for his afterlife. The stupid man is the one who follows his own desires then expects from Allah the fulfillment of his futile wishes.”

Explanation

In this Hadīth, the Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) informs us that the wise person is the one who overcomes his own self and subjugates it to the wisdom of his intellect and the legislation of his Lord. So, he holds himself accountable for everything he does and abandons. On the other hand, the stupid and negligent person is the one who follows his whims and surrenders to his own desires. What adds to his stupidity is his futile wishes that he expects Allah to fulfill. He persuades himself that Allah would surely include him in His pardon, forgiveness, and infinite mercy. This is a weak Hadīth, but its meaning is affirmed in the Qur'an and Sunnah. Allah, the Almighty, says: {And say: "Do [as you will], for Allah will see your deeds."} [Sūrat-ut-Tawbah: 105]; {And rely upon Allah} [Sūrat al-Ahzāb: 3]; and {Or do you think that you will enter Paradise?} [Sūrat al-Baqarah: 214].

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